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Tanggal 17 September 2015 Tim Green Campus UNS kedatangan kunjungan balasan dari Tim Bangvasi UNNES (Badan Pengembangan Konservasi Universitas Negeri Semarang). Sebelumnya pada tanggal 3 Agustus 2015 Tim Green Campus UNS mengadakan kunjungan Study Banding ke UNNES. Kehadiran UNNES disambut oleh Bapak Rektor UNS Prof. Dr. Ravik Karsidi, MS dan Wakil Rektor IV, Dr. Widodo Muktiyo, M.Kom, tim Green Campus beserta pendukungnya.

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Obyek dan pencapaian Green Campus UNS yang dikunjungi adalah sebagai berikut :

  1. MOLINA (Mobil Listrik Nasional FT UNS
  2. UNIT KOMPOSTING Fakultas Teknik
  3. ICT TRANSPORTASI Fakultas Teknik
  4. SPAM _ Sistem Pengolahan Air Minum UNS
  5. Perikanan ikan SIDAT – Fakultas MIPA UNS
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Fakultas Teknik UNS mendapatkan bantuan dari Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat (PUPERA) tahun 2015 berupa SPAM (Sistem Pengolahan Air Minum) . Saat ini proses konstruksi sedang dilaksanakan dengan Pembangunan Water Reservoir Tower Setinggi 20 meter . Direncanakan Pompa menggunakan energi solar cell sehingga menghemat penggunaan energy listrik untuk kemudian dialirkan 50 titik dispenser air siap minum dan 100 titik water tap yang tersebar di jurusan dan unit kerja di lingkungan UNS.

Manfaat pembangunan SPAM ini adalah akan secara significant mengurangi limbah anorganik di lingkungan UNS dengan pengurangan sampah dari botol dan gelas air mineral. Civitas academika didorong untuk membawa thumber air minum yang tinggal diisi ulang melalui water dispenser siap minum. Water tap yang dibangun akan mendorong upaya penghematan penggunaan air di lingkungan kampus.

Rencana Lokasi Sistem Pengolahan Air Minum (SPAM)Gambar a. Rencana lokasi Water Reservoir Tower setinggi 20 meter Gambar b. Rencana Pembangunan Kantor Pengelolala

pipaGambar. Pipa-pipa distribusi air minum

pengeboranGambar kegiatan pengeboran air

pembangunanGambar Rencana Pembangunan Kantor Pengelola SPAM

Daftar Distribusi Water Tap dan Dispenser SPAM KAMPUS UNS 2015

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Publikasi

Dalam rangka melaksanakan kebijakan Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS) menuju kampus ramah lingkungan, UNS telah dua kali mengikuti proses pemeringkatan kampus ramah lingkungan melalui UI Green Metric yaitu pada tahun 2013 dan 2014. Tahun ini, UNS kembali akan mengikuti proses pemeringkatan yang diadakan Universitas Indonesia itu. Terkait hal tersebut, Tim Pemeringkatan UNS akan mengadakan kunjungan ke seluruh fakultas untuk kepentingan updating borang pemeringkatan baik terkait dengan indikator UI Green Metric maupun yang relevan dengan kebijakan UNS. Untuk keperluan tersebut, pimpinan fakultas dimohon menunjuk bagian yang berwenang untuk mempersiapkan data dan informasi yang relevan dengan instrumen wawancara yang telah disiapkan oleh Tim Pemeringkatan UNS. Jadwal dan Instrumen Wawancara Kebutuhan Data terlampir di bawah ini.

Download Jadwal dan Instrumen Wawancara Kebutuhan Data

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Publikasi
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Pemandangan berbeda tampak di halaman kantor pusat dr. Prakosa Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS) beberapa bulan terakhir. Tanah terlihat cokelat dan tidak tertutup rumput yang hijau seperti sebelumnya. Hanya tunas-tunas rumput muda yang terlihat. Beberapa menit sekali, pompa air yang berada di beberapa titik berputar menyirami halaman. Ya, halaman kantor Pusat dr. Prakosa sedang dibenahi dengan penggantian rumput baru.

“Kami sedang menggantinya dengan rumput zoysia. Sebelumnya rumput di halaman rektorat itu campur-campur tidak karuan. Dulu tidak dirawat, hanya halaman biasa,” ujar Rahayu yang mengepalai program pembenahan halaman kantor pusat ini. Rahayu menambahkan, selain rumput yang tidak homogen, tanah di halaman kantor pusat masih bercampur dengan batu-batu, kerikil, serta tidak rata. Selain itu halaman juga tidak memiliki saluran irigasi. Rahayu mendalami rumput selama menempuh program doktor di Universitas Dankook di Seoul, Korea Selatan dan zoysia merupakan salah satu hasil penelitiannya.

Keunggulan rumput zoysia yang dipilih sebagai rumput pengganti ialah rumpit tersebut tahan injak, rapat, kuat, dan memiliki warna impresif. Rahayu menuturkan umur rumput tersebut bisa bertahan selama 25 tahun lebih. Di musim kemarau jenis rumput zoysia tidak merepotkan karena hemat air dan hemat pupuk.

Untuk menata rumput baru yang kelak diharapkan mampu menjadi kebanggaan UNS ini, Rahayu membutuhkan 30 truk tanah. Tanah tersebut merupakan campuran pasir, debu, dan bahan organik lainnya untuk menutup galian 10 cm. Untuk pasir dan debu, Rahayu menggunakan sedimen dari sungai Bengawan Solo yang letaknya tidak jauh dari UNS.

“Targetnya, kita memiliki halaman rektorat yang mewah, sepeti lapangan sepak bola internasional. Kalau kita sudah memiliki alat, kita bisa membuat stripe, coloring warna rumput seperti di lapangan sepak bola Eropa,” harap Rahayu yang juga merupakan dosen di Fakultas Pertanian UNS. Rahayu memperkirakan, rumput zoysia yang ia tanam akan rapat akhir tahun ini. [](nana.red.uns.ac.id)

sumber: uns.ac.id
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Based on Government Regulation of The Republic of Indonesia No 43 Year 2008, Article 2 on groundwater states that groundwater management is based on groundwater basin and is held based on groundwater management policy and strategy. Water management regulation is directed to achieve the balance of conservation effort and groundwater utilization. The implementation technically needs to be adjusted with the groundwater conduct including the availability and potentials of deployment covering the quality and quantity of groundwater and its environment. Groundwater is divided into shallow groundwater which is located in unconfined aquifer and deep groundwater which is located in confined aquifer. Aquifer is water-saturated rock layer which is able to store and continue groundwater in sufficient and economic quantity.

Water source in Campus UNS located in Kentingan, Surakarta is a part of groundwater source in Karanganyar – Boyolali Groundwater Reserve. The potentials of Karanganyar – Boyolali Groundwater Reserve has the quantity of free flow groundwater or shallow groundwater of Q=1,338 million m3/year and quantity of depressed groundwater or deep groundwater Q=21 million m3/year. The water source is much more than other Groundwater Reserve in the surroundings.

In micro level, groundwater source in Campus UNS is located on Notopuro Formation. The formed stratigraphy is 6 per rock layer with different resistivity value based on its vertical incision. The first layer has resistivity value of 88.75 ohm-meter with material of clay and layer thickness of 0.5 meter. The second layer is sandy clay with resistivity value of 15.16 ohm-meter and thickness of 1.5 meter. The third layer is sandy rock with resistivity value of 4.84 ohm-meter and thickness of 8 meter. This layer is an aquifer for shallow groundwater. The fourth layer is sandy clay with resistivity of 7.48 ohm-meter and thickness of 28 meter. The fifth layer is sandy rock with resistivity value of 5.74 ohm-meter and ability to continue water. Estimated potentially deep groundwater to be found is located in this layer with sandy rock as the material and the lowest Rho value. The sixth layer is clay with resistivity value of 25.49 ohm-meter (Yoga Wibowo: 2012). Based on stratigraphy of rock layer in Notopuro Formation in Figure 4.1, the shallow groundwater is at the depth of 4.00 – 10.00 meter and deep groundwater is at the depth of 38.00 – 98.00 meter.

Programs and implementation of Water Source Conservation in Universitas Sebelas Maret, Kentingan, Surakarta cover several methods as follows:

a. Regulation through the Decree of Rector of Universitas Sebelas Maret number: 827A/UN27/HK/2013 on the guidelines of Green Campus management of Universitas Sebelas Maret including the implementation of water source management.

b. Save water campaign through socialization and leaflet containing suggestion to use groundwater effectively and efficiently. This has been done since 2013. The targets of the campaign are lecturers and students.

Figure 4.1 Save Water Campaign Leaflet (left) and facilities and infrastructure for saving water (right)

c. Determining surface water infiltration through campus woods, parks, pedestrian path and parking area by using paving blocks

Figure 4.2 Infiltration area in the form of campus woods (a), park (b), pedestrian path (c), and parking area

d.Constructing groundwater infiltration wellfor surface water management by enlarging infiltration process in order to decrease the river flow through campus. In 2013, UNS constructed 32 infiltration wells. By the end of 2014, UNS would have been finished constructing 37 infiltration wells. Technically, the wells have diameter of 0.80 m and depth of 6.00 m.

Figure 4.3 Shallow groundwater infiltration well

e. Constructing campus lake functioned as infiltration area located in the east side of head office of Universitas Sebelas Maret. In addition, the river is dammed to create inundation for infiltration.

In addition, the river is dammed to create inundation for infiltration. In long term, UNS will develop dam as campus inundation to maintain the balance of water and the source in emergency, such as fire (figure 4.5)

Figure 4.4 Lake (left) and Dam(right)

Figure 4.5. Design of rainwater lake location

Piped Water

Piping facility is a construction with tools and equipments which results, provides, and distributes drinking water for campus residents through piping/distribution. The consumed water is groundwater or surface water with or without processing. The standard water sources in campus UNS Kentingan, Surakarta, are from (a) standard water sourced from PDAM (Regional Water Company) for 40% campus needs and (b) deep groundwater for 60% standard water needs by drilling.

Groundwater distribution from PDAM is conducted through piping directed to each unit/faculty in Universitas Sebelas Maret. Instead of centralized, the meter to record water flow is located in each unit/faculty. White/grey PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) pipe is installed underground in the roadside. There is a temporary dam in each unit/faculty before the water is distributed to every crane by pumping and gravitation.

The second standard water source is obtained by drilling in each unit/faculty. There are 16 groundwater wells with average flow of 7 liters/second in Universitas Sebelas Maret. Before being distributed to every crane, water is accommodated in a reservoir. There are two types of reservoir; (a) on the ground surface which enables water to fill in the reservoir with the help of gravitation and be distributed by pumping and (b) upper the ground surface (tower) which enables water to fill in the reservoir by pumping and be distributed by gravitation.

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The degradation of global environment quality has inspired the environmental awareness of the world society in various sectors including education sector. Higher education institution, as a renewal and enhancement of science and technology, should commit a good model in preserving environment. Universitas Sebelas Maret, as one of the institutions that concerns about environment is encouraged to preserve environment to be sanitary, green, and healthy through Green Campus program. To accomplish the green campus, a campus should meet one of the required indicators and criteria, one of them is the management and processing of waste of organic, inorganic, hazardous and toxic and disposal waste. The program designed for waste treatment and processing includes Recycling Program for University Waste, Toxic Waste Recycling, Organic Waste Treatment, Inorganic Waste Treatment, and Sewage Disposal.

A. Waste Water treatment

Recycling Program for University Waste is an effort to recycle domestic wastewater in UNS in order to be re-used and reduce ground water usage quantity in UNS. However, UNS has yet to own an integrated and complete recycling program to treat the significant amount of domestic wastewater. Some of the waste flows into the pond and is reused.

On the other side, UNS has made an integrated channel system for domestic wastewater and rainwater in the region of faculty, institution, head office, and working unit to be streamed to a storage pond in UNS and to the rivulet of Bengawan Solo subsequently.

B. Organic and In Organic Waste Treatment

One of the biggest waste produced by UNS’ environment activity is organic waste such as leaves and papers. In 2014, UNS has executed organic and inorganic waste sorting by increasing the number of segregated trash bins in each faculty/working unit and along the road of UNS.

Data of waste sorting is increasing this year. In 2013, there was only 22.7% (5 faculties doing waste sorting. In 2014, segregated trash bins have been placed in all faculties/working unit and along the road of UNS.

Recently, UNS is conducting an independent organic waste treatment (fully composted organic waste) by utilizing composting tools provided in the faculty of Agriculture and Engineering. Nevertheless, this organic waste is also used and managed by third party. This year, attempts to reduce the paper usage are made, e.g., UNS internal meeting invitation by using email and thesis consultation by using scrap papers or soft file. Inorganic waste treatment is executed by collecting the waste into a container to avoid scattering. Inorganic waste treatment is handed to the third party  
Organic Waste Processing at the Faculty of Agriculture
Organic Waste Treatment in Faculty of Engineering
There is a Unit of Compost Processing in Faculty of Engineering. The unit has been performing compost processing from leaves garbage since December 2013 with the help of WIKA. In the beginning, the unit is managed by the faculty. Currently, it is managed by KOPMA (student cooperation). There is a leaves chopper tool in the unit. However, the tool has not been optimally utilized due to its small capacity and low ability in chopping leaves. The crushed leaves is mixed with fermentor in a closed drum for 2-3 weeks. Finished compost is measured and packed for 1 kg and labeled with Pupuk Kompos Semar. The compost is sold to the people nearby. The unit does not operated daily. It usually operates 3 times a week and produces 70 packs of compost.
C. Toxic Waste Recycling
Faculties and working units in UNS that are dominantly producing hazardous and toxic waste are Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training and central laboratory of Mathematics and Natural Science, UNS. In education, laboratory plays an eminent role in improving education quality and quantity for students and lecturers who conduct research in university scope. Thus, laboratory activity level is high. The result of the practicum and preliminary analysis shows that the practicum analyzed samples containing hazardous material, such as Fe, Pb, Cr, Cu, Cd, Hg, etc. Some of toxic waste treatments in UNS are conducted by collaborating with third party; some are conducted independently by using IPAL (Wastewater Processing Installation). In 2009, UNS built a processing unit of waste which is mostly produced by central laboratory of Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science. IPAL is planned to accommodate the waste from Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science and Faculty of Medicine in an integrated way.
Table 1 is a result of chemical laboratorium wastewater test in 2014. It shows that the wastewater is considered to be fine and not to exceed the environment standard
Table 1
D. Integrated IPAL
UNS has already made plan for integrated IPAL processing by utilizing one IPAL concept in the location as shown in Figure 8. The location of integrated one IPAL is located in the lowest area to ease the flow of domestic liquid waste from all faculties and working units. One IPAL plan employs few open and empty lands that can reduce the cost of IPAL establishment.
Design of domestic Liquid Waste Flow and Integrated IPAL in UNS Environment
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Green Transportation Concept

is a applied so that means of transportation will be more environmentally friendly. Green Transportation is an approach to realize the transportation producing less or no green house gas. Green house gas is one of the global warming causes as environmental experts say. Transportation contributes 15-20% for green house gas. It will continuously increase if it is uncontrolled.

Transportation policy to limit the number of motorized vehicles in campus and policy to reduce parking area in campus is expected to encourage all academicians to use bus, bicycle or on foot for campus activity. Campus bus and bicycle may drive a healthier environment. Policy to provide a safe and comfortable pedestrian path will encourage academician to walk and will give impact on private motorized vehicle reduction. Campus bus, bicycle, and walk can reduce carbon emission in campus environment.

A. Policy of Transportation Design for Controlling the Use of Motor Vehicle

UNS is built on a hilly topography with average temperature of 30°C and humidity of 75%. This condition makes walking and riding bicycle not an option when private motor vehicle is still allowed to be used in campus. Based on the survey in August 2014, the number of car and motorcycle users is decreasing compared to survey result in May 2013. In campus UNS, motorcycle users are decreasing for 10.98%, meanwhile car users are decreasing for 3.81%. In contrary, the user of bicycle on campus in 2014 is increasing for 0.84% compared to that in 2013. Thanks to green campus programs which have been implemented intensively since 2013, motorized vehicle users are decreasing and bicycle users are increasing.

Special attention is needed for UNS in realizing green transportation, particularly in reducing motorized vehicles on campus. The reduction of motorized vehicles is not only a prohibition, but also followed by providing a proper, comfortable and safe means of transportation for all UNS academicians.

Campus UNS has been attempting in limiting motorized vehicles on campus by bus procurement, bicycle usage in some particular departments (Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering), parking area limitation with ICT (Information and Communication Technology) parking Management starting in Faculty of Engineering, electric bicycle usage for security guard in UNS and pedestrian facility improvement.

Parking area imitation with ICT Parking Management has been conducted in Faculty of Engineering based on circular letter of the dean which obliged all academicians in the faculty to register their vehicle for academic activity and received smart card for using the parking area. Thus, academicians who have not been registered and do not have the smart card, they cannot use the parking facility. This procedure will reduce the parking area usage and motorized vehicle subsequently as well because only registered vehicles are allowed to enter the faculty and use the parking facility.

Besides, UNS operates 10 special electrical motorized vehicles for security guard. In maintaining the security of the hilly UNS area, the guard patrol by using the electrical motorcycle to substitute the non-electrical one and to reduce fuels and CO emission on campus.

UNS’s plans to limit the motor are pointed to:

  1. Providing public facility of pedestrian, bicycle and campus bus to ease for users to access the campus environment;
  2. Street infrastructure design by considering transportation with environmentally friendly concept, such as campus bus mobility convenience, safety and comforts for bicycle riders and pedestrian.
  3. Policy of campus bus operation.
  4. Policy of parking area usage with ICT system
  5. Policy of electrical bicycle for security guard for their duties on campus

Academician Activity in Pedestrian Path of Campus UNS

Electrical Bicycle Usage by Security Guard

ICT (Information and Communication Technology) Implementation in Parking Management of Faculty of Engineering

Bicycle usage by UNS’ academician

B.Campus Bus Operation

Campus bus has been operating by UNS since 2011 and becoming a recommended green transportation in campus because its capacity in accommodating a larger number of people than motorcycle or car has. Thus, in accumulation, it can help reduce traffic jam, fuel usage, emissions and noise effect. The UNS academician may use the bus facility for free.

As a public transportation, campus bus is able to streamline campus land usage due to the reduction area for parking and motor and private car lane. This diversion affects on the maintaining the open green space of 30% of the total campus area as has been required to be a green campus.

Two campus buses operate in different route, namely west and east route. West route starts from the campus front gate, the Rectorate, KPRI, UPT P2B, Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Economy, Faculty of Letters and Fine Arts, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Faculty of Law, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training of Natural Science Department, Medical Center, Central Library, and Kopma UNS and back to the front gate. East route starts from the front gate, the Recorate, Faculty of Agriculture, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Laboratory, Puskom, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, the back gate, Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Puskom, Laboratory, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Faculty of Agriculture and back to the front gate. The route separation is aimed to ease the users’ accessibility and mobility to reach the faculty or working unit in Campus UNS. (See appendix of Campus Bus Route Map)

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1. Figure: The centre of Biodiesel development 2. Figure: The activity of Biodiesel Development at Biofuel Laboratory Engineering Faculty   3. Figure: The Processof desiccation of biofuel row material 4. Figure: The development of fuel replacing petroleum energy

5 Figure: Center of National Electric Car Laboratory (Molina) Engineering Faculty

6. Figure: Activity of National Electric Car Invention

7. Figure: Renewable Energy Laboratory

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The application of the environmentally friendly campus of UNS is related to the three main pillars of its development; they are: green rules, green attitude and green lifestyle, and green infrastructure.

Education at UNS, then, applies it to the courses, research, and community service.

This is shown by many activities done by the UNS management institutionally and personally. The education of UNS in realizing green attitude and green lifestyleis conducted through the following cases:

  1. Number of courses offered by UNS which is related to environment and its sustainability is significantly increased. Almost all of study programs provide courses to improve green attitude dan green lifestyle.
  2. Research and community service topics related to environment and its sustainability are based on strategic issues established on RIP (the main plan of Community Service and Research)of UNS 2011-2015; theyare: climate change and biodiversity; new and renewable energy; and food security.
  3. There are plenty of academic and non-academic activities related to environment and its sustainability. The concerns and awareness of any parties in UNS is among others: Komunitas Gerakan Hijau Universitas Sebelas Maret (Green Movement Community / GMC UNS) which was established on August 2010.
  4. UNS operates website related to environment and its sustainability since 2011. The websites can be accessed on http://greencampus.uns.ac.id/ and http://gogreen.uns.ac.id/

UNS also takes part in making basics, values and implementation of sustainable development in line with the United Nations’ policy on ”The Decade of Education for Sustainable Development”, which is described in Education components as follows:

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