Green Transportation Concept
is a applied so that means of transportation will be more environmentally friendly. Green Transportation is an approach to realize the transportation producing less or no green house gas. Green house gas is one of the global warming causes as environmental experts say. Transportation contributes 15-20% for green house gas. It will continuously increase if it is uncontrolled.
Transportation policy to limit the number of motorized vehicles in campus and policy to reduce parking area in campus is expected to encourage all academicians to use bus, bicycle or on foot for campus activity. Campus bus and bicycle may drive a healthier environment. Policy to provide a safe and comfortable pedestrian path will encourage academician to walk and will give impact on private motorized vehicle reduction. Campus bus, bicycle, and walk can reduce carbon emission in campus environment.
A. Policy of Transportation Design for Controlling the Use of Motor Vehicle
UNS is built on a hilly topography with average temperature of 30°C and humidity of 75%. This condition makes walking and riding bicycle not an option when private motor vehicle is still allowed to be used in campus. Based on the survey in August 2014, the number of car and motorcycle users is decreasing compared to survey result in May 2013. In campus UNS, motorcycle users are decreasing for 10.98%, meanwhile car users are decreasing for 3.81%. In contrary, the user of bicycle on campus in 2014 is increasing for 0.84% compared to that in 2013. Thanks to green campus programs which have been implemented intensively since 2013, motorized vehicle users are decreasing and bicycle users are increasing.
Special attention is needed for UNS in realizing green transportation, particularly in reducing motorized vehicles on campus. The reduction of motorized vehicles is not only a prohibition, but also followed by providing a proper, comfortable and safe means of transportation for all UNS academicians.
Campus UNS has been attempting in limiting motorized vehicles on campus by bus procurement, bicycle usage in some particular departments (Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering), parking area limitation with ICT (Information and Communication Technology) parking Management starting in Faculty of Engineering, electric bicycle usage for security guard in UNS and pedestrian facility improvement.
Parking area imitation with ICT Parking Management has been conducted in Faculty of Engineering based on circular letter of the dean which obliged all academicians in the faculty to register their vehicle for academic activity and received smart card for using the parking area. Thus, academicians who have not been registered and do not have the smart card, they cannot use the parking facility. This procedure will reduce the parking area usage and motorized vehicle subsequently as well because only registered vehicles are allowed to enter the faculty and use the parking facility.
Besides, UNS operates 10 special electrical motorized vehicles for security guard. In maintaining the security of the hilly UNS area, the guard patrol by using the electrical motorcycle to substitute the non-electrical one and to reduce fuels and CO emission on campus.
UNS’s plans to limit the motor are pointed to:
- Providing public facility of pedestrian, bicycle and campus bus to ease for users to access the campus environment;
- Street infrastructure design by considering transportation with environmentally friendly concept, such as campus bus mobility convenience, safety and comforts for bicycle riders and pedestrian.
- Policy of campus bus operation.
- Policy of parking area usage with ICT system
- Policy of electrical bicycle for security guard for their duties on campus
Academician Activity in Pedestrian Path of Campus UNS
Electrical Bicycle Usage by Security Guard
ICT (Information and Communication Technology) Implementation in Parking Management of Faculty of Engineering
Bicycle usage by UNS’ academician
B.Campus Bus Operation
Campus bus has been operating by UNS since 2011 and becoming a recommended green transportation in campus because its capacity in accommodating a larger number of people than motorcycle or car has. Thus, in accumulation, it can help reduce traffic jam, fuel usage, emissions and noise effect. The UNS academician may use the bus facility for free.
As a public transportation, campus bus is able to streamline campus land usage due to the reduction area for parking and motor and private car lane. This diversion affects on the maintaining the open green space of 30% of the total campus area as has been required to be a green campus.
Two campus buses operate in different route, namely west and east route. West route starts from the campus front gate, the Rectorate, KPRI, UPT P2B, Faculty of Engineering, Faculty of Economy, Faculty of Letters and Fine Arts, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Faculty of Law, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training of Natural Science Department, Medical Center, Central Library, and Kopma UNS and back to the front gate. East route starts from the front gate, the Recorate, Faculty of Agriculture, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Laboratory, Puskom, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, the back gate, Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Puskom, Laboratory, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Faculty of Agriculture and back to the front gate. The route separation is aimed to ease the users’ accessibility and mobility to reach the faculty or working unit in Campus UNS. (See appendix of Campus Bus Route Map)